The ravages of war that occurred in Cambodia from the 1970s to the early 1990s still leave an indelible mark on the country today. Countless land mines were placed during the Cambodian Civil War during the 1970s by the Khmer Rouge, the Heng Samrin and Hun Sen regimes, and millions of tons of bombs rained down on the country during the Vietnam War.
Though the bloody conflicts are long over, land mines and underwater unexploded ordinance (UXO) are still part of everyday life for Cambodians. These dangerous weapons of war continue to injure and kill.
Efforts to find and defuse land mines have been ongoing for several years. However, in the last decade, the Cambodian Mine Action Centre (CMAC) was created to find mines, bombs, grenades and other military munitions in the country's lakes, rivers and streams. Its sole purpose is to provide extensive technical and underwater training to Cambodian volunteers so they can safely find, recover and relocate UXO.